Unpredictable Nature of Life and Man

Most philosophers agreed on the fact that there is nothing in world that is constant; everything is in a state of dynamism. Although some few others disagree with this stand, however, what we witness daily testifies to the acuity of the former stand; life keeps changing.

Change is a natural phenomenon that comes to play anytime. Some changes could be however mediated, while some others could be beyond the control of man. Nevertheless, nature has a way of keeping life balanced; there are many natural checks to this effect. Yet, the efforts make by nature to stabilize things is also brought about due to the constant change of things. Hence, when there is change, especially to the adverse side in nature, the nature changes so as to keep life going on smoothly.

A practical example of this is the body system of human. When there is change in the concentration of body fluid and the concentration of ions in the blood becomes high, the body quickly responds to this through some physiological process and as a result of this, man starts to feel thirsty. This is a sharp response of the body to such change.
However, there could be changes sometimes which would have a serious adverse effect on the nature. This change won’t apparently be for stabilization of nature, but a calamity. Such happens suddenly and without prior notice. Because of these sudden changes, man is usually negatively affect man; it could lead to loss of lives, properties, disruption in the earth structure and many others. Examples of these are earthquake and tsunami; both usually strike without a full and evasive warning.

Just the way unpredictable nature is, so also is man. There is nothing about man that is fully predictable; not his behaviour nor his health. In case of health, although some sicknesses are symptomatic, i.e. give symptoms, however, the time of these symptoms and the portentous disease would strike is virtually unpredictable. Hope we could do something similar to save the other species too.


The Maka Foundation is a way that you can directly support the programs and projects that you are most concerned about. There are many exciting and important projects underway that can only move forward as finances allow.

Projects such as reintroduction of the black-footed ferret and swift fox and the purchasing of critical habitat for species reintroduction and habitat development restores the balance of the environment. It also provides jobs and economic opportunity for Tribal members and a larger, healthier landbase for all sportsmen and outdoor enthusiasts. Both Tribal members and visitors alike benefit from this wonderful work.

Our Lakota word for earth, its land, water and animals is “maka”. The Maka Foundation was formed in 2005 as a 501(c) (3) non-profit organization and became fully operational in 2006. The Maka Foundation was created to support species recovery and conservation, to consolidate suitable habitats, restore degraded habitats, and to adequately educate and equip tribal members to become part of the recovery team.

The Lower Brule Sioux Tribe had already successfully reintroduced bison, elk, wild turkey and many native plant species to the reservation; however there was more work to be done in making our environment healthier. Thus, the Maka Foundation was created and immediately began raising charitable funds from friends like you who share our concern for the environment, species reintroduction and habitat restoration.

If you would like more information about the programs and projects of the Lower Brule Department of Wildlife, Fish and Recreation, and how you can help, please contact the Maka Foundation.


Natural Habitats in Europe Are Under Threat

We all know that how important role the natural parks play in order to preserve Europe’s biodiversity. This provides environmental, health, economic and cultural benefits. Industrial activities and climate change are challenging European habitats, meaning specially protected areas are also confronted with environmental pressures. Apparently, these areas need to monitor changes, adapt management strategy and consider flexible responses to future developments.

Core zones in the national parks have been established to stop the loss of biodiversity by conserving and providing habitat spaces for a critical mix of species. Undoubtedly, climate change will be an important factor influencing habitats in the next decades. So nature conservation agencies will require new tools to monitor changes and offer new responses to ongoing developments.

The Habit Change Project by Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development in Dresden will focus on adaptive management measures for habitats in the protected areas of Eastern and Central Europe that may be affected by the climate change. The project is going to estimate, enhance and adapt the existing management and conservation strategies in the protected areas so that they can respond on possible impacts of the climate change that threaten habitat integrity and diversity.

The sites covered by the project are managed as national parks or natural parks with a focus on forests, wetlands or alpine areas. These reserves have several different types of habitats that are very vulnerable to climate change. Habitat Change will be monitoring the impacts of climate change with the earth observation systems (EOS). Then it will model the impacts of the climate change and risk involved. From these stats, the project will suggest guidelines as well as the tools such as the Adapted Management Plans.

In the last phase of the project, it will provide recommendations and guidelines to manage natural parks and will also develop a web based decision support tools.