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Natural Habitats in Europe Are Under Threat

We all know that how important role the natural parks play in order to preserve Europe’s biodiversity. This provides environmental, health, economic and cultural benefits. Industrial activities and climate change are challenging European habitats, meaning specially protected areas are also confronted with environmental pressures. Apparently, these areas need to monitor changes, adapt management strategy and consider flexible responses to future developments.

Core zones in the national parks have been established to stop the loss of biodiversity by conserving and providing habitat spaces for a critical mix of species. Undoubtedly, climate change will be an important factor influencing habitats in the next decades. So nature conservation agencies will require new tools to monitor changes and offer new responses to ongoing developments.

The Habit Change Project by Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development in Dresden will focus on adaptive management measures for habitats in the protected areas of Eastern and Central Europe that may be affected by the climate change. The project is going to estimate, enhance and adapt the existing management and conservation strategies in the protected areas so that they can respond on possible impacts of the climate change that threaten habitat integrity and diversity.

The sites covered by the project are managed as national parks or natural parks with a focus on forests, wetlands or alpine areas. These reserves have several different types of habitats that are very vulnerable to climate change. Habitat Change will be monitoring the impacts of climate change with the earth observation systems (EOS). Then it will model the impacts of the climate change and risk involved. From these stats, the project will suggest guidelines as well as the tools such as the Adapted Management Plans.

In the last phase of the project, it will provide recommendations and guidelines to manage natural parks and will also develop a web based decision support tools.

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Some Tips for Saving Energy and Money At Home

In these days, everyone out there wants to lower their utility bills because lowering bills means you put more money in your account at the end of the month. Lowering energy consumption not only save your money, but it’s also less harmful emission to our environment. If you are really serious about lowering energy and saving money, fortunately, there are many easy and effective things you can do. Here are some tips to save energy at home.

• Minimize Phantom Loads:
Phantom Load is the energy consumed by an electronic device when it’s not turned on. US Department of Energy said that at home, 75% of the electricity is consumed by such devices when they are turned off. You can simply eliminate phantom loads by simply unplugging devices when you are not using them.

• Use More Efficient Appliances:
If you feel you need new appliances, make sure to have a look for the Environmental Protections Agency’s Energy Star label before you buy. These appliances use between 10% and 50% less energy and water than their conventional counterparts. If they hold more money for purchase, be willing to spend.

• Change Your Light Bulbs:
One of most effective changes you can make is to replace your light bulbs, instead, use CFL bulbs which cost a few dollars and will save about $30 over its lifetime. In addition it lasts 10 times longer and uses 75% less energy than an incandescent bulb.

• Install a Programmable Thermostat:
Programmable thermostats work automatically and adjust your home’s temperature to your schedule. A programmable thermostat can save you as much as 15 percent on heating and cooling costs.

• Use Fans for Cooling:
In the summer, use ceiling fan for cooling. By doing this you can reduce the need of air conditioner and reduce energy consumption.

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Birds Aviary Park will be developed at last!

It was 2007, when it all started. Capital Development Authority started back-end work on developing a Bird Aviary Park in the capital. Authority proposed the bill and after five long years they are now in position to finally build the park.

Former Capital Development Authority chief Kamran Lashari took the initiative of building this park in the capital. Due to poor financial condition CDA couldn’t afford to work on the project. But now they’re stable enough to resume the work. Birds Aviary is being developed over 3.8 acres of land in Lake View Park. When the project was initiated a portion of work was done. If the project couldn’t be completed soon already done work will go in vein.

The whole area is now been covered with nets and waiting for birds to reside in. Authority intends to arrange natural habitats for more the 100 species of birds. Most of them will be brought from local markets. Some of the species will be imported from several countries. Public will experience an open place with hundreds of birds surfing here.

CDA took the responsibility of maintaining the Aviary including services, maintenance works and purchasing of birds. Among other species pheasants, parrots, partridges, doves, pigeons, water fowls and different ornamental birds will be released in the park.

Authority has already agreed with a contractor firm which will remain responsible for health care of the birds. The firm will provide proper preventive, curative measures, security and safety of both visitors and birds. Contractor firm will also work on arrangements like ticket booth, staffers, guides, guards, gardeners and sweepers. To ensure security close circuit cameras will be installed in the park. Visitors have to go through thorough checking before entering the park.

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Energy Conservation Award goes to Stemilt Growers

Stemilt Growers, one of the Washington’s leaders in packed fruit delivery is awarded with the honor of Leadership in Energy Performance. Chris Gregoire, Washington’s state Governer recognized the company with this honorable award during an awards ceremony at the last Wednesday night. The ceremony took place at the state Capitol. Stemilt reduced its energy use over the past years with the help of Chelan County Public Utility District. Their initiative has been greatly accomplished by the state Government and as consequence they got the energy conservation award.

It all started two years ago when the directing board of Stemilt took their first step to reduce energy consumption. Over the years, they successfully reduced more than 30% of their previous energy consumption at their largest fruit packing facility at Old Station. In this facility the most of the energy is used by industrial refrigeration and controlled atmosphere equipment to keep the fruit fresh until its being processed and shipped. The company took their energy conservation package and made the consumption efficiency improvements by reducing the speed of their industrial refrigeration fans. They installed the CO2 scrubbers to control the atmosphere in the storage rooms.

Their energy efficiency starts with the controls on refrigeration fans which can reduce the speed of the fans by 50%. When they controlled the refrigeration fans, they could easily adjust the fan speeds in every storage room. As a result their facility uses less energy than ever.

CO2 scrubber’s installation assists to control the amount of CO2 inside the storage rooms. They can lower the amount of CO2 inside the room which means the less reliance on nitrogen. As a result their energy consumption gets significantly reduced.

With all of it, Stemilt saves more than 8,770,190 kWh of energy per year. With this award of state Government more company will be influenced to install energy reducing system and it’ll be great beneficial for energy conservation.

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Habitat threats for Tigers In Southern Asia

This world is contained by its nature and the nature should be a safe place for all, so why not for tigers. The population of wild tigers of tropical Asia has reduced rapidly in the last century. The number will do all the talking, from about 100,000 to mere 3,500 with the Javan, Bali and South China subspecies believed to be extinct in the wild.

In present research’s the numbers of surviving tigers in Bengal are 2,370, along with 510 Malayan, 340 Indochinese and 325 Sumatran tigers. In addition to that their remaining habitat is situated from southwest India to northwest Indonesia. To sustain these creatures and the balance of nature we should protect these habitats.

We should make some adequate habitat conservation plan and long term program designs keeping in mind the economic dynamics of forest clearing in tropical forest countries. Talking about habitat conservations also means giving tiger’s adequate space for breeding.

In different regions there should be different plans because they have different economic structure. Our results indicate that economic variables are affecting the forest clearing in all the tiger habitat countries and creating significant difference in sensitivity to these influences.

In Malaysia and Indonesia, their exists export oriented economies for that the habitat of those countries and the forest clearing is highly sensitive to changes in real interest rates, exchange rates and the prices of forest products. This vulnerability created by the small remaining numbers and limited ranges of Sumatran and Malaysian tigers. But on the other hand in India, Bangladesh and Nepal we face significantly less sensitivity to these variables.

The policymakers, donor institutions and conservation managers should measure these affects; concentrate on pinpointing arrears at high risk, which will provide valuable guidance about the challenges to be overcome in offsetting incentives for forest clearing, and about potential responses tailored to the circumstances of different countries and habitat areas.